Animal Sciences
Animal Health:

  1. Epidemiology and control of Trans-boundary Animal Diseases (TAD), tick borne and other infectious disease of animals of high economic significance.
  2. Development of Rapid Diagnostic Tests and improved diagnostics for animal & poultry diseases.
  3. One Health; Research at human animal interface, understanding the role of livestock in public health, risk analysis and surveillance strategies.
  4. Antimicrobial resistance; role of livestock in AMR, methods of AMR development, transmission of MDR bacteria to humans, epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance, risk analysis and strategies.
  5. Molecular characterization of disease resistant genes in local breeds of dairy cattle, buffaloes, sheep & goats.
  6. Development of new vaccines and/ or improvement in existing animal and poultry vaccines.
  7. Standardization and/ or development of more sensitive and specific diagnostics for livestock health.

Animal Production:

  1. Minimize feed cost through balanced feed formulation and optimum utilization of available feed resources.
  2. Development of new and alternate feed resources and sustainable feeding systems in large and small ruminants.
  3. Climate change impact on livestock production and health and identification of adaptation strategies.
  4. Improvement of Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ARTs) for enhancement of reproduction efficiency in buffaloes, cows, sheep and goats.
  5. Genetic characterization and improvement of local breeds of cattle and buffaloes for milk and meat production traits.
  6. Genetic characterization and improvement of egg production traits in backyard rural poultry breeds.
  7. Development of mycotoxin inactivating products and protocols.
  8. Value addition and processing of animal products.
  9. Indigenous production of animal feed enzymes and supplements including prebiotics and probiotics.
  10. Reproductive health management of large and small animals.
  11. Genetic diversity and conservation of endangered species of Yak and Kale goat.

Aquaculture and Fisheries:

  1. Genetic improvement and feeding management of fish
  2. Improvement in yield from aquaculture of fish and shellfish
  3. Improving techniques for enhancing the shelf life of fish/ shellfish.
  4. Fish disease diagnosis and control strategies.

Plant Sciences

  1. Indigenous hybrid development in commercially important crops.
  2. Varietal development with focus on climate resilience, input efficiency, high yielding and good quality through conventional and bio-technological methods.
  3. Bio-fortification of food through gene manipulation and crop improvement.
  4. Integrated management of emerging and re-emerging pests and diseases in horticultural and field crops.
  5. Improvement and up-scaling resource conservation.
  6. Harvest, postharvest losses and value addition in fodder, field and horticultural produce.
  7. Promotion of minor and high value crops on marginal land.
  8. Development and promotion of climate smart agriculture.
  9. Development of  production technologies for intensive agriculture.
  10. Microbial biodiversity and sustainable crop production
  11. Microbial biology, pathogenomics and microbiome research.
  12. Development of GM crops against biotic and abiotic stresses.
  13. Development and improvement of crops using genome editing technology.
  14. Genome mapping and selection for crop improvement.
  15. Bio-safety studies of GM crops.
  16. Development of bio fertilizers and other relevant technologies for organic farming.
  17. Bio-product development.
  18. Biological control and development of bio-pesticides.
  19. Monitoring and epidemiology of major diseases.
  20. Application of ICT in crop sector.
  21. Development of disease forecasting model in the face of changing climate.
  22. Collection, characterization and conservation of indigenous germplasm in field and horticultural crops.
  23. Diversification of cropping system in relation to climate change.
  24. Development of innovative agronomic practices to reduce yield gap and climate change effect.
  25. Improvement of weed management technologies.
  26. Molecular genetics and genomics of plant microbe interaction.
  27. Genetic Improvement of Pulses for resilience against climatic changes.
  28. Breeding of pulses crops for high input  response and suitability to mechanization.
  29. Development of technology for application of inputs to pulses crops under rainfed conditions.


Natural Resources

Land Resources

  1. Management of degraded soil through Bio-saline approach.
  2. Use of microbes for supplementing fertilizers and their role in inducing abiotic stresses in crops.
  3. Enhancing Fertilizer use efficiency through chemical, physical and biological means.
  4. Health risk assessment and remedial measures of contaminations in soil and food chain.
  5. Integrated nutrients and crop residue management for crop production and soil health.
  6. Bio-fortification of micronutrients (Zn, Fe, Iodine) in cereal, vegetables and fruit crops for improving human health.
  7. Integrated nutrient management for orchards, off-season vegetables and high value crops by using marginal/ cultivable waste land.


Water Resources

  1. Indigenization of solar desalination technology for ground brackish water.
  2. Climate change impact assessment, adaptation and mitigation for sustainable natural resources management.
  3. Integrated water management for increased water productivity in various agro-ecological regions of the country.
  4. Integrated watershed management interventions for sustainable resources use and livelihood improvement.
  5. Harnessing alternate energy resources for environment friendly and profitable farming system.


Range Management & Forestry

  1. Rangeland assessment, valuation of rangeland ecosystem, range management practices for improving range-livestock productivity.
  2. Agro-forestry, afforestations, carbon sequestration, tree diseases and management strategies.
  3. Conservation and promotion of non-timber forest products for livelihood improvement.
  4. Genetic improvement and management of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana for higher honey production and development of value added products from honey bee colonies.
  5. Management of ecto-parasitic mites Varroa destructor and Tropilaelaps clareae in Apis mellifera bee hives.
  6. Toxicological studies on Analysis of Pesticide Residue in honey, wax, trapped pollen and bees from Honey bees (Apis millifera)



Social Sciences

  1. Agriculture production and resource conservation.
  2. Agricultural transformations and diversification.
  3. Agricultural marketing and value chains.
  4. Globalization and trade.
  5. Food and nutritional security.
  6. Agricultural livelihoods and rural poverty.
  7. Agricultural policy analysis.
  8. Climate change adaptation, risk and uncertainty.
  9. Smallholder agriculture.
  10. Gender mainstreaming in agriculture.
  11. Technology transfer and impact assessment.
  12. Indigenous knowledge management, sharing and capacity building.


Agricultural Engineering

  1. Development and indigenization of energy efficient farm mechanization technologies for land preparation, sowing, planting, transplanting of vegetables, sugarcane harvesting and stripping, rice transplanting etc.
  2. Controlled environment animal housing and waste management facilities.
  3. Development of variable rate planters/ drills and fertilizer applicators.
  4. Development of safety gadgets in farm machines.
  5. Equipment for placement of phosphoric and nitrogenous fertilizers.
  6. Technologies for Post Harvest Processing (primary and secondary) and storage of agricultural and horticultural produce. 
  7. Renewable energy technologies for agriculture and rural development.
  8. Precision agriculture technologies, robotics and e-agriculture.